设为首页 | 加入收藏
网站首页 本刊简介 编委会 投稿指南 过刊浏览 广告合作 网上订购 下载专区 联系我们  
语言风格匹配能反映咨询师的共情水平吗?
作者:李婷婷  朱旭  江光荣 
单位:1. 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室  华中师范大学心理学院  湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室  武汉 430079  2. 西安外国语大学  学生心理健康教育中心  西安 710128 
关键词:语言风格匹配 共情 语言探索与词汇计数软件 心理咨询 
分类号:R395.5
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):410-413
摘要:

目的:探讨心理咨询中咨询师和来访者的语言风格匹配与咨询师共情水平的关系。方法:选取26个心理咨询会谈,分为高共情组和低共情组,采用计算机量化词汇分析法,比较罗杰斯会谈、高共情组、低共情组咨询师与来访者的语言风格匹配程度。结果:罗杰斯会谈的语言风格匹配总体高于其他两组;语言风格匹配可以预测咨询师共情,解释量为72.4%。结论:语言风格匹配是预测咨询师共情水平的一种有价值的方法。

Objective:To examine the relationship between the counselor's empathy and Language Style Matching (LSM) between counselors and clients in counseling. Methods:This study employed the revised Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count to measure LSM, and selected 11 Carl Rodgers'counseling sessions and 26 actual counseling sessions that were divided into high-empathy group and low-empathy group. Then, the language style matching was compared among high-empathy group, low-empathy group and Carl Rodgers'sessions. Results:The language style matching of Carl Rodg-ers'counseling sessions was the highest among three groups in general. Language style matching could predict the empathy of counselor, and 72.4% of the total variance was explained. Conclusion:Language style matching is a valuable method to predict the empathy of counselors.

基金项目:
教育部人文社科青年基金项目(14YJC190028);湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室开放基金项目(20160302);国家社会科学基金重大招标项目(16ZDA232)
作者简介:
参考文献:

1 江光荣. 心理咨询的理论与实务(第 2版). 北京:高等教育出版社, 2012
2 Nienhuis JB. A meta-analytic review of the relationships between the therapeutic alliance, empathy, and genuineness in individual adult psychotherapy. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisville, 2014
3 Eisenberg N, Eggum ND. Empathic responding:Sympathy and personal distress. The Social Neuroscience of Empathy, 2009, 6:71-83
4 Iacoboni M. Imitation, empathy, and mirror neurons. Annual Review of Psychology, 2009, 60:653-670
5 Imel ZE, Barco JS, Brown HJ. The association of therapist empathy and synchrony in vocally encoded arousal. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2014, 61(1):146-153
6 Hasler BS, Hirschberger G, Shani-Sherman T, et al. Virtual peacemakers:Mimicry increases empathy in simulated contact with virtual out-group members. Cyber-psychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2014, 17(12):766-771
7 Coutinho JF, Silva PO, Decety J. Neurosciences, empathy, and healthy interpersonal relationships:Recent findings and implications for counseling psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2014, 61(4):541-548
8 Marci CD, Ham J, Moran E, Orr SP. Physiologic correlates of perceived therapist empathy and social-emotional process during psychotherapy. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 2007, 195:103-111
9 Ramseyer F, Tschacher W. Nonverbal synchrony in psychotherapy:Coordinated body movement reflects relationship quality and outcome. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011, 79(3):284-295
10 Maurer RE, Tindall JH. Effect of postural congruence on client's perception of counselor empathy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1983, 30(2):158-163
11 Ireland ME, Pennebaker JW. Language style matching in writing:Synchrony in essays, correspondence, and poetry. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2010, 99(3):549-571
12 Gonzales AL, Hancock JT, Pennebaker JW, et al. Language style matching as a predictor of social dynamics in small groups. Communication Research, 2010, 37(1):3-19
13 Niederhoffer KG, Pennebaker JW. Linguistic style matching in social interaction. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 2002, 21(4):337-360
14 Ireland ME, Slatcher RB, Eastwick PW, et al. Language style matching predicts relationship initiation and stability. Psychological Science, 2011, 22(1):39-44
15 Bowen JD, Winczewski LA, Collins NL. Language Style Matching in Romantic Partners'Conflict and Support Interactions. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 2017, 33 (3):263-286
16 Borelli JL, Ramsook KA, Smiley P, et al. Language Matching Among Mother-child Dyads:associations with child attachment and emotion reactivity. Social Development, 2017, 26 (3):610-629
17 Rains SA. Language style matching as a predictor of perceived social support in computer-mediated interaction among individuals coping with illness. Communication Research, 2016, 43(5):694-712
18 Cannava K, Bodie GD. Language use and style matching in supportive conversations between strangers and friends. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2016, 5:1-19
19 Lord SP, Sheng E, Imel ZE, et al. More than reflections:Empathy in motivational interviewing includes language style synchrony between therapist and client. Behavior Therapy, 2015, 46(3):296-303
20 Malin AJ, Pos AE. The impact of early empathy on alliance building, emotional processing, and outcome during experiential treatment of depression. Psychotherapy Research, 2015, 25(4):445-459
21 Farber BA, Debora CB, Patricia MR. 郑钢, 等译. 罗杰斯心理治疗——经典个案及专家点评. 北京:中国轻工业出版, 2006
22 Pennebaker JW, Francis ME. Cognitive, emotional, and language processes in disclosure. Cognition & Emotion, 1996, 10(6):601-626
23 Tausczik Y, Pennebaker JW. The psychological meaning of words:LIWC and computerized text analysis methods. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 2010, 29:24-54
24 黃金蘭, 林以正, 謝亦泰, 等. 中文版[語文探索與字詞計算]詞典之建立. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 2012, 44 (2):185-201
25 Gao R, Hao B, Li H, et al. Developing simplified Chinese psychological linguistic analysis dictionary for microblog. In International Conference on Brain and Health Informatics. Springer Publishing, 2013. 359-368

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
您是第访问者

《中国临床心理学杂志》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市中南大学湘雅二医院内, 410011
电 话:0731-85292472    电子邮件:cjcp_china@163.com
本系统由北京博思汇文数字科技有限公司设计开发 技术服务电话:400-921-9838