设为首页 | 加入收藏
网站首页 本刊简介 编委会 投稿指南 过刊浏览 广告合作 网上订购 下载专区 联系我们  
舞动团体对大学生身体自我概念及自尊的影响
作者:阎博  樊富珉  杨芊 
单位:1. 清华大学心理学系  北京 100084  2. 浙江大学医学院公共卫生系社会医学与卫生事业管理  浙江大学医学院卫生政策研究中心  杭州 310058 
关键词:舞动团体 身体自我概念 自尊 
分类号:R395.5
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):405-409
摘要:

目的:考察舞动团体对大学生身体自我概念以及自尊的影响。方法:将招募的20名大学生随机分配到实验组和对照组。实验组接受连续8周,每周2小时的舞动团体干预,对照组不接受任何干预。使用身体自我描述问卷、自尊量表对两组成员进行前测(T1)和后测(T2),实验组还进行了追踪测量(T3),并收集每位成员的日志反馈作为质性研究资料。结果:实验组在身体自我概念五个维度以及整体自尊的变化均显著高于对照组。重复测量结果表明,实验组在身体自我概念的七个维度上有所改善。质性研究印证了量化数据的结论,表明成员在身体感知、自我接纳以及自信方面均有所提升。结论:舞动团体能够有效提高大学生的身体自我概念和自尊水平。

Objective:The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Dance/Movement Therapy(DMT) group in college students. The primary research question is whether a DMT group could improve students'physical selfconcept and self-esteem. Methods:20 college students were assigned into the intervention group (10 subjects) and the con-trol group(10 subjects). The intervention group also took Physical Self-Description Questionnaire and Self-Esteem Scale be-fore and after DMT intervention with a follow-up investigation after one month. The control group students did not attend DMT group but completed the measurements at the same time as the intervention group. Results:After the 8-week inter-vention, seven dimensions of physical self-description in intervention group has been improved in intervention group; and five dimensions of physical self-description in intervention group were significantly higher than those in control group. From quantitative data, we found similar results from those of qualitative data. Besides, students in the intervention group indicated that they had more insights into their relationships because of DMT group experiencing. Conclusion:These find-ings suggest that DMT group improves physical self-concept and self-esteem in college students effectively.

基金项目:
北京市科委课题(D151100002315002)
作者简介:
参考文献:

1 庞庆军,李银萍,齐立斌. 青少年身体自我概念与参与体育锻炼的关系研究. 中国健康心理学杂志, 2008, 16(6):668-670
2 张力为. 身体自我与主观幸福. 北京体育大学学报, 2007, 30(8):1011-1015, 1021
3 Krueger DW. Psychodynamic perspectives on body image. Body image:a handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice, Cash TF, Pruzinsky T, New York:Guilford Press, 2002. 30-37
4 Cash TF, Fleming EC. The Impact of Body Image Experiences:Development of the Body Image Quality of Life Inventory. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2002, 31(4):455-460
5 Frost J, Mckelvie S. Self-Esteem and Body Satisfaction in Male and Female Elementary School, High School, and University Students. Sex Roles, 2004, 51(1):45-54
6 潘明荣,陈岚岚. 运动行为对大学生身体意象的影响. 北京体育大学学报, 2014, 33(4):97-99
7 张立敏,张力为. 不同锻炼方式对自我观念和生活满意感的影响. 体育科学, 2004, 24(12):54-60
8 Koch S, Kunz T, Lykou S, et al. Effects of dance movement therapy and dance on health-related psychological outcomes:A meta-analysis. Arts in Psychotherapy, 2014, 41 (1):46-64
9 Bräuninger I. Dance movement therapy group intervention in stress treatment:A randomized controlled trial(RCT). The Arts in Psychotherapy, 2012, 39(5):443-450
10 Jeong Y, Hong S, Lee MS, et al. Dance movement therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. International Journal of Neuroscience, 2005, 115(12):1711-1720
11 周红. 舞蹈治疗简介. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2004, 18(11):804-805
12 何瑾,樊富珉,刘海骅. 舞动团体提升大学生心理健康水平的干预效果. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(3):560-566
13 轩希,徐晟,陈灜,等. 舞动治疗对高校辅导员职业倦怠的干预研究. 心理与行为研究, 2016, 14(5):697-700
14 轩希,吴捷,马慧霞,等. 舞动治疗对大学生自我接纳与自我效能感的干预. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2017, 25(3):584-587
15 蒋长好,陈婷婷. 身体活动对情绪的影响及其脑机制. 心理科学进展, 2014, 22(12):1889-1898
16 Berrol CF. The Neurophysiologic Basis of the Mind-Body Connection in Dance/Movement Therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 1992, 14(1):19-29
17 Richards GE, Johnson S, Roche L. Physical Self-Description Questionnaire:Psychometric properties and a multitraitmultimethod analysis of relations to existing instruments. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16(3):270-305
18 杨剑. 身体自我描述问卷(PSDQ)的介绍与修订. 山东体育科技, 2002, 24(1):83-86
19 杨烨,王登峰. Rosenberg自尊量表因素结构的再验证. 中国心理卫生杂志,2007,21(9):603-609
20 Lusebrink VB, Martinsone K, Dzilna-Silova I. The Expressive Therapies Continuum(ETC):Interdisciplinary bases of the ETC. International Journal of Art Therapy, 2013, 18(2):75-85
21 周明洁,张建新. 心理学研究方法中"质"与"量"的整合. 心理科学进展, 2008, 16(1):163-168
22 叶浩生. 西方心理学中的具身认知研究思潮. 华中师范大学学报(人文社会科学版), 2011, 50(4):153-160
23 Schmais C. Healing Processes in Group Dance Therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 1985, 8(1):17-36
24 樊富珉. 团体心理咨询(1 ed). 北京:高等教育出版社, 2005
25 Siegel DJ. Pocket Guide to Interpersonal Neurobiology:An Integrative Handbook of the Mind(1 ed). New York:W. W. Norton & Company, 2012. 560

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
您是第访问者

《中国临床心理学杂志》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市中南大学湘雅二医院内, 410011
电 话:0731-85292472    电子邮件:cjcp_china@163.com
本系统由北京博思汇文数字科技有限公司设计开发 技术服务电话:400-921-9838