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青少年对母亲躯体暴力特点及家庭影响因素
作者:张黎  黄艳  张晓  王瞻  陶明达 
单位:1. 青岛大学师范学院心理系  青岛 266071  2. 青岛心理与精神健康研究院  青岛 266071 
关键词:青少年 母亲 躯体暴力 CPPV 教养方式 
分类号:R395.2
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):322-326
摘要:

目的:考察青少年对母亲躯体暴力特点及相关的家庭影响因素。方法:采用整群抽样法抽取11-18岁青少年被试1900人。采用自编家庭基本信息问卷、教养方式量表(EMBU)和青少年对母亲躯体暴力调查问卷对青少年家庭的经济收入、母亲学历、父亲对母亲的躯体暴力、父亲对子女的躯体暴力、母亲教养方式和青少年对母亲躯体暴力等情况进行调查。结果:青少年子女对母亲躯体暴力的年发生率为8.3%左右,不同性别子女对母亲躯体暴力的发生率无显著差异,不同年级青少年子女对母亲躯体暴力的发生率差异显著;高学历母亲更容易成为子女躯体暴力的对象,母亲对子女的情感温暖理解和父亲对母亲躯体暴力分别是青少年对母亲躯体暴力的保护性因素和危险性因素。结论:青少年对母亲躯体暴力是一种不可忽视的家庭暴力,母亲受教育程度、母亲对子女的情感温暖理解、父亲对母亲躯体暴力等因素与青少年对母亲躯体暴力有一定的相关。

Objective:The study aimed to explore the characteristic and possible risk family factors of physical violence of adolescents on their mothers. Methods:A total of 1900 adolescents from 11-18 years old were selected by cluster sam-ple. The basic information of SES, education level of mother, father to mother physical violence, father to children physical violence, parenting style and adolescents to mother physical violence were collected through Family Information Question-naire, EMBU and Adolescents to Mother Physical Violence Questionnaire. Results:The annual rate of adolescents to moth-er physical violence was 8.3%. Significant differences were found between different grades, but not between genders. Emo-tional warmth and understanding of mothers to children was a protective factor, while physical violence of farther on mother was a risk factor for physical violence of adolescents on their mothers. Conclusion:Physical violence of adolescents on their mothers is a subtype of family violence. Education level of mother, Emotional warmth and understanding of mothers to children and physical violence of farther on mother are related to physical violence of adolescents on their mothers.

基金项目:
山东省高校人文社会科学研究项目(J14WH13);山东省教育科学“十三五”规划重点项目(ZZ2017010)
作者简介:
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