设为首页 | 加入收藏
网站首页 本刊简介 编委会 投稿指南 过刊浏览 广告合作 网上订购 下载专区 联系我们  
特拉华欺凌受害量表(学生卷)中文版再修订及初步应用
作者:谢家树  魏宇民  George Bear 
单位:1. 湖南师范大学心理学系  湖南师范大学认知与人类行为湖南省重点实验室  长沙 410081  2. University of Delaware  Newark  DE  19716  USA 
关键词:特拉华欺凌受害量表-学生卷 修订 效度 测量等值 校园欺凌 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):259-263
摘要:

目的:对特拉华欺凌受害量表(学生卷)2016版(Delaware Bullying Victimization Scale-Student,DBVS-S)进行中文修订,检验其信、效度及其跨性别、跨年级的测量等值性。方法:应用中文版DBVS-S对湖南省7个地区20所学校初一至高三3761名学生施测,以病人健康问卷抑郁量表(Patient Health Questionnaire-9,PHQ-9)和广泛性焦虑量表(Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7,GAD-7)为效标,间隔三周之后随机抽取其中两个班共61名被试进行重测。结果:①验证性因素分析拟合结果表明DBVS-S采用一阶四因子模型最佳;②DBVS-S总分与PHQ-9和GAD-7的相关系数分别为0.321和0.347(P<0.01);总量表的α系数为0.906,三周后的重测信度为0.783 ;③多组验证性分析结果显示,DBVS-S中文版在初中高中生之间和男女生之间测量等值性假设成立,年级、性别之间的群组差异可以认为是样本特质造成的差异而非量表本身的系统误差所致;④方差分析结果显示欺凌受害程度男生显著高于女生(F=101.521,P<0.01,η2=0.026),初中生显著高于高中生(F=324.609,P<0.01,η2=0.080)。结论:特拉华欺凌受害量表(学生卷)中文版信效度良好,且测量结果可以在年级、性别之间跨组比较,可以用于中国青少年有关研究。

Objective:To examine the reliability and validity of the Chinese Version(2016) of Delaware Bullying Victim-ization Scale-Student(DBVS-S) among Chinese secondary students. Methods:3761 students were measured, 61 of which participated the test-retest 3 weeks later. Patient Health Questionnaire-9(PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7(CAD-7) were used as the criteria-related validity instrument. Results:①Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 4 factors model achieved adequate model fits:CFI=0.922; TLI=0.905; RMSEA=0.043; ②The DBVS-S had significant positive correlation with PHQ-9(r=0.321, P<0.01) and CAD-7(r=0.347, P<0.01). Cronbach's α coefficients of the Chinese Version of the DBVS-S was 0.906 and the test-retest reliability was 0.783; ③Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis of the 4 factors structure of Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of Delaware Bullying Victimization Scale-student revealed that full configural invariance and full weak invariance, full strong invariance across gender as well as grade were supported by the date. ④The results of ANOAVA showed that the degree of male's bullying victimization was significant-ly higher than that of female's(F=101.521, P<0.01, η2=0.026), the degree of junior high school students's bullying victim-ization was significantly higher than that of high school students's(F=324.609, P<0.01, η2=0.080). Conclusion:The Chi-nese version(2016) of DBVS-S has acceptable psychometric properties.

基金项目:
湖南省哲学社科规划基金课题“青少年欺负受害对其学校适用的影响:基于潜在类别分析研究”(16YBA275)
作者简介:
参考文献:

1 Olweus D. Bullying at school//what we know and what we can do. Cambridge, 1993
2 史慧静, 张喆, 夏志娟, 等. 大学生既往校园欺负行为与心理健康现况的关联. 中国学校卫生, 2015, 36(2):186-189
3 Menesini E, Modena M, Tani F. Bullying and victimizationin adolescence:Concurrent and stable roles and psychological health symptoms. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2009, 170(2):115-134
4 Due P, Hansen EH, Merlo J, et al. Is victimization from bullying associated with medicine use among adolescents Anationally representative cross-sectional survey in Denmark. Pediatrics, 2007, 120(1):110-117
5 Hinduja S, Patchin JW. Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of Suicide Research, 2010, 14(3):206-221
6 刘小群,等. 初中生欺负、受欺负行为与抑郁、自杀意念的关系. 中国临床心理学杂志,2013,21(1):85-87
7 李海垒. 受欺负儿童的心理韧性与抑郁、焦虑的关系. 山东师范大学, 2006
8 谢家树, 吕永晓, George G.Bear, 等. 特拉华欺负受害量表 (学生卷)中文版信、效度研究. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(4):594-596
9 Billiet J. Cross-cultural equivalence with structural equationmodeling. New Jersey:John Wiley and Sons Inc, 2002. 247-264
10 Little TD. Mean and covariance structures(MACS) analyses of cross-cultural data:Practical and theoretical issues. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1997, 32(1):53-76
11 Widaman KF, Reise SP. Exploring the measurement invariance of psychological instruments:Applications in the substance use domain. Washington, DC:American Psychological Association, 1997. 281-324
12 George G. Bear, C Yang, L Mantz. Technical Manual for the Delaware School Survey, 2016. 51
13 胡星辰, 张迎黎, 梁炜, 等. 病人健康问卷抑郁量表(PHQ-9)在青少年中应用的信效度检验. 四川精神卫生, 2014, 27(4):357-360
14 曲姗, 胜利. 广泛性焦虑量表在综合医院心理科门诊筛查广泛性焦虑障碍的诊断试验. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2015, 29(12):939-944
15 Cheung G, Rensvold R. Structural Equation Modeling:A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2002, 9(2):233-255
16 Meade AW, Johnson EC, Braddy PW. Power and sensitivity of alternative fit indices in tests of measurement invariance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 2008, 93(3):568
17 谢家树, 谢璐, Chunyan, 等. 中美青少年校园欺负受害问题的比较研究. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2016, 24(4):706-709
18 张文新. 中小学生欺负/受欺负的普遍性与基本特点. 心理学报, 2002, 34(4):387-394
19 杨继宇, 谢宇, 瞿华礼, 等. 中国学生欺负相关行为报告率的 Meta 分析. 中国健康心理学杂志, 2016, 24(11):1658-1662

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
您是第访问者

《中国临床心理学杂志》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市中南大学湘雅二医院内, 410011
电 话:0731-85292472    电子邮件:cjcp_china@163.com
本系统由北京博思汇文数字科技有限公司设计开发 技术服务电话:400-921-9838