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青少年情绪表达灵活性问卷的编制
作者:张少华  桑标  刘影 
单位:华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院  上海 200062 
关键词:青少年 情绪调节 表达灵活性 表达宣泄 表达抑制 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):239-243
摘要:

目的:编制青少年情绪表达灵活性问卷。方法:对80名青少年进行开放式问卷调查,形成初始问卷;以334名青少年为被试对初始问卷进行项目分析和探索性因素分析,以另外334名青少年为被试对初始问卷进行验证性因素分析和信效度检验,形成最终问卷。结果:青少年情绪表达灵活性问卷共25个项目,包括“表达宣泄积极情绪”、“表达宣泄消极情绪”、“表达抑制积极情绪”和“表达抑制消极情绪”4个分问卷。问卷及其分问卷的内部一致性系数依次为0.88、0.88、0.83、0.89和0.83,问卷及其分问卷的分半信度依次为0.86、0.83、0.77、0.83和0.78,问卷的内容效度、结构效度和效标效度均达到心理测量学要求。结论:本研究编制的青少年情绪表达灵活性问卷的信效度指标良好,可以作为测量我国青少年情绪表达灵活性的有效工具。

Objective:To develop and validate the Adolescent Flexible Regulation of Emotional Expression(AFREE) Scale that measures an adolescent's ability to enhance and suppress displayed emotion across a series of standardized hypo-thetical contexts. Methods:Firstly, open-ended questionnaire was administered(n=80). Secondly, items analysis and ex-ploratory factors analysis was conducted in the first sample(n=334). Thirdly, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability/va-lidity analysis were performed in the second sample(n=334). Results:25 items were selected and four factors were extract-ed by exploratory factor analysis. Specifically, these factors clustered into a hierarchical structure with four first-order fac-tors(enhancing positive emotion, enhancing negative emotion, suppressing positive emotion, and suppressing negative emo-tion,) and two second-order factors(enhancement and suppression). The results of reliability analysis, construct validity and criterion validity showed the AFREE Scale reached the psychometric standard. Conclusion:Adolescent Flexible Regula-tion of Emotional Expression(AFREE) Scale is a valid measure of expressive flexibility of Chinese adolescent.

基金项目:
国家自然科学基金项目(31371043)资助
作者简介:
参考文献:

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